About Alzheimer's & Dementia
Binswanger’s Disease (White matter disease)
Dementia associated with corticobasal degeneration
For more information, visit the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke:
Dementia associated with HIV
Neurocognitive impairment in people with HIV may be caused by the virus directly damaging the brain or could be the result of a weakened immune system enabling infections and cancers to attack the brain.
Symptoms may include problems with short-term memory, language and thinking, difficulties with concentration and decision making, unsteadiness, mood changes and hallucinations. People may also have problems with their sense of smell. Some people may experience only mild cognitive impairment such as a decline in the ability to think quickly or clearly.
HIV is easily overlooked as a possible cause of dementia and, even when someone is known to have HIV infection, cognitive impairment can sometimes be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are similar to those of other conditions such as depression.
Treatment with a combination of at least three antiretroviral drugs often prevents cognitive impairments worsening and, for many people, can reverse the cognitive damage caused by HIV. Rehabilitation programmes may also help people with HIV-related cognitive impairment to re-learn skills.
Dementia associated with Multiple Sclerosis
Dementia associated with Syphilis
For futher information please visit the Alzheimer Society of the U.K.: