About Alzheimer's & Dementia
What is Traumatic Brain Injury, and how is it associated with dementia?
What changes can I expect?
- Inability to recall the cause of the injury or events that occurred immediately before or up to 24 hours afterward
- Confusion and disorientation
- Difficulty learning new information
- Headaches & dizziness
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blurred vision
- Ringing in the ears
- Trouble speaking coherently
- Changes in emotions or sleep patterns
Types of traumatic brain injuries
Mild traumatic brain injury
Also known as a concussion, may cause unconsciousness for 30 minutes or less, or may not cause any loss of consciousness. Symptoms often appear at the time of injury or immediately afterward, but occasionally may not develop for days or weeks. Symptoms are usually temporary and resolve within hours, days or weeks, but they can last months or longer.
Moderate traumatic brain injury
Leads to loss of consciousness lasting more than 30 minutes. Symptoms are similar to those of mild traumatic brain injury but more serious and longer-lasting.
Severe traumatic brain injury
Causes loss of consciousness for more than 24 hours. Symptoms are also similar to those of moderate traumatic brain injury but are very serious and can last for an extended period of time, even becoming permanent.
What are the causes?
The most common cause of traumatic brain injury in older adults. Direct effects of the injury for senior citizens may result in long-term cognitive changes, reduced ability to function and changes in emotional health.
You can reduce your risk by keeping your vehicle in good repair, following the rules of the road and buckling up.
Also a cause of traumatic brain injury. Protect your head by wearing a helmet and other protective equipment when biking, skating or playing contact sports.